By Marco Schilk
This ebook includes the 1st in-depth corpus-based description of structural nativization on the lexis-grammar interface in Indian English, the most important institutionalized second-language number of English world-wide. For a collection of 3 ditransitive verbs provide, ship and supply –collocational styles, verb-complementational personal tastes and correlations among collocational and verb-complementational workouts are defined. the current examine is predicated at the comparability of the Indian and the British elements of the overseas Corpus of English in addition to a 100-million-word web-derived corpus of acrolectal Indian newspaper language and corresponding components of the British nationwide Corpus. the current corpus-based ‘thick description’ of lexicogrammatical exercises offers new views at the emergence of recent workouts and patternings in Indian English and is conceptually and methodologically proper for learn into types of English world wide.
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Additional info for Structural Nativization in Indian English Lexicogrammar (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)
As can be seen in the top row, “chi-squared overestimates significance dramatically […] [whereas] [t]he t-score measure […] turns out to be highly conservative” (Evert 2005:â•›112). 15 In view of the vast computational resources that are needed to apply exact testing, a more feasible method in the majority of cases is the log-likelihood test. This procedure makes it possible to calculate statistics for a large number of collocation candidates, while it is only necessary to use the Fisher exact test for cases where the log-likelihood value is very close to the critical values for significance.
While accepting the syntagmatically dependent paradigms, Firth challenged the traditional models by contending that “the main concern of descriptive linguistics is to make statements of meaning” (Firth 1957:â•›190). By means of the concepts of collocation and collocability, Firth (1957) introduces a level of meaning that is on the borderline between lexical semantics and grammatical meaning: It must be pointed out that meaning by collocation is not at all the same thing as contextual meaning, which is the functional relation of a context of situation in the context of culture.
As a that-clause, a wh-clause, a wh-infinitive clause or a to-infinitive (D2–D6) (cf. Quirk et al. 1985:â•›1171). From these patterns, a number of structurally related patterns may also be derived, such as, for example, fronted object constructions or passive constructions (where the subject can, but need not be realized as a by-agent). Quirk et al. (1985) go on to show that the potential for taking arguments is, at least partially, a property of the respective verb. There is, for example, only a relatively small number of verbs, apart from the principle copula be, that allow copular complementation, which can be distinguished into current and resulting copulas.
Structural Nativization in Indian English Lexicogrammar (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) by Marco Schilk