By Michael H. Crawford
The 1st complete research in over a hundred years, cataloging the problems of every coiner within the interval 280-31 B. C. and describing and relationship them as effectively because the proof allows.
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The 1st complete examine in over a hundred years, cataloging the problems of every coiner within the interval 280-31 B. C. and describing and courting them as correctly because the facts allows.
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Extra info for Roman Republican Coinage, Volume I
XV, 13). CRR, p. 64; against, already, G. K. Jenkins, MusN 1958, 58 n. 4· 17 Introduction Two isolated issues may perhaps be attributed to Sicily, the as with CN·CO and do/abel/a and the semis with the types Ceres/Hercules and centaur (nos. 81-2). � and C· � and its fine style is comparable to that of some of the bronze with com-ear; it is tempting to link it with denarii and quinarii with simple do/abel/a, but the different form of the implement forbids an absolute decision. The semis with Ceres/Hercules and centaur is overstruck on a piece of a pre-denarius issue with com-ear (no.
It is not disputed that by the time the mint of Rome produced the issues with crescent and comucopiae, victoriatus and denarius were in production together. By this time, more denarii and sextantal bronze had been produced than victoriati (for the date of the issues with crescent and comucopiae and their relationship to the rest of the period of coinage under discussio n see below, p. 34); it is unreasonable to suppose that it had been in issue for a much shorter time. But the decisive evidence is provided by the Spanish hoards.
Sextantari asses, that the sextantal standard was introduced propter bellum Punicvm secundum should mean that the measure was adopted during the war, not after it, when the financial pressure was less (cf. R. Thomsen, ERC ii, 171-2); there is no reason to connect the passage with the repayment of tributum after the war. G. lte Festus, dates the sextantal weight standard to the Second Punic War. I find Nenci's translatio n wholly implausible; it is in any case ruled out of coun by the fact that Pliny dates the uncial weight standard to 217, thereby allowing (on Nenci's·view) about a year for the period of sextantal weight standard.
Roman Republican Coinage, Volume I by Michael H. Crawford