By John Hinds
First released in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for Japanese: Descriptive Grammar
Dare to (93) who sunde-mssu ka? ; ws itsu irashits no? " (95) ja, hswsi ni it'S itsu kits It'ake? well Hawaii to TP when came reason "Well. " (96) itsu mits no? sore. when saw OU that "When did [you) see [it). " MANNER (97) yubilt's gs doo shits no? " 28 (98) saisho no toki wa doo datta no? " (99) doo desu ka? moo naremashita? how COP QU Rlready accustomed "How is [it]? " INSTRUMENT (l00) nan de tabete-n no? " (101) ashita nan de iku tsumori na no? " EXPERIENCER (102) dare ga nihongo who ga wakaru?
So sore-tomo, koo, koogBi? " The next examples, (76) and (77), demonstrate that the same process is involved in constructing alternative questions whether there is an intervening response or not. In both of these examples, although the speech appears to be linearly ordered, the response overlaps with the second half of the alternative question. 24 (76) W: nihon no shinbun? " Y: dotchi -deJ11o. " W: sore-toJl1o hRW8i hooch; tOkR? " (77) A: kore omok8tt8? " s: uun, sonn8-ni k8njin8k8ttB. " A: omoku-n8i?
Note also that such questions may be directed to the self, as in (54c), and that this particle can also be followed by the question particle ka, as (54e) illustrates. /UlJe already Ishida Mr TP coming 3rd-year deshita kke? " 1/100 kita kke? " (54c) moo yatta kke? komatta na. already did QU troubled EM "Did [he] do (it] already? " Oh, this is (54d) sre wa bin ds kke? " (54e) rokugatsu no sue-ni tesuto ga aru n da June LK end test NM be NOM copula kke ks? " Tag questions in Japanese also expect agreement on the part of the respondent.
Japanese: Descriptive Grammar by John Hinds