By Werner Abraham, C. Jan-Wouter Zwart
This e-book takes up numerous basic syntactic themes, which both yield varied strategies in German, specifically, or which bring about diversified conclusions for thought formation. one of many major themes is the truth that languages that let for vast scrambling among the 2 verbal poles, V-2 and V-last, have to combine discourse capabilities like thema and rhema into the grammatical description. this is often tried, when it comes to Minimalism, hence extending the sensible area. unique realization is given to the asymmetrical scrambling habit of indefinites vs. definites and their semantic interpretation. comparable themes are: Transitive expletive sentences, different types of existential sentences with both BE or HAVE, the that-trace phenomenon and its semantics, adverse polarity goods, ellipsis and gapping, passivization, double negation ― all of that have huge results either on distributional habit and semantic disambiguation, achieving some distance past results observable in English with its inflexible, ‘un-scrambable’ observe order.
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This publication takes up various common syntactic themes, which both yield varied options in German, particularly, or which result in varied conclusions for conception formation. one of many major issues is the truth that languages that permit for vast scrambling among the 2 verbal poles, V-2 and V-last, have to combine discourse capabilities like thema and rhema into the grammatical description.
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Additional info for Issues in Formal German(ic) Typology
OK) The contrast between (ii) and (iv) indicates a categorial distinction between vir if used in two- vs. three-place predicates. For space reasons, I have to refer the reader to Molnárﬁ (1999) for further details of this analysis. . ). Assuming the methodological principle of Greed (Chomsky 1993), which is to be preferred to Attract (Chomsky 1995a/b) both on empirical and theoretical grounds (cf. Haider 1993: 68), the AF-feature of the D-head is the only relevant (triggering) feature in the antifocus relation.
Particularly, pronouns have been argued to be base generated outside VP (Abraham 1997; Rosengren 1994) or, if scrambled, to occupy higher positions than deﬁnite full nouns in the tree (Haider & Rosengren 1998). The main reason for the exclusion of pronominal movement from XP-scrambling is an assumed categorial distinction between unstressed (weak) pronouns and stressed (strong) pronouns. Such disctinction is rooted in the Romance tradition of grammar writing, analyzing weak personal pronouns as clitics of the category X0, while taking strong pronouns to be XP elements (see also Lenerz 1993).
On time turn in iii – Wieso Why – es ihm it him denn then abgeben? on time turn in iv Aber But wieso why ‘m ‘s him it denn then at once zeigen show heute? e. if pronouns do not reach their D-linked position—where they are assigned GA). (14) Contrastive accent because of focussed pronominals inside VP ⇐ Þ Coord [CP/IP Spec Comp/ CP/IP Inﬂ ⇐ Þ Pronouns/ [VP Clitics [VP Vo ≠ ]]] Extraposition heute! today to him abgeben! turn in heute pünk- sehen today tlich see i – Du You kommst – come ii Aber But – – ‘s it iii – Wieso Why – es it denn then to him abgeben?
Issues in Formal German(ic) Typology by Werner Abraham, C. Jan-Wouter Zwart