By Keiichi Komoto, Masakuza Ito, Peter van der Vleuten, David Faiman, Kosuke Kurokawa
The world's deserts are sufficiently huge that, in idea, overlaying a fragment in their landmass with PV platforms may possibly generate repeatedly the present basic worldwide strength supply.The 3rd ebook within the strength from the desolate tract sequence examines the socio-economic, environmental and monetary concerns surrounding using Very huge Scale Photovoltaics (VLS-PV). It presents unique assurance of know-how and financing recommendations (including fresh and destiny developments in PV technology), power social merits similar to desalination and agricultural improvement, and environmental and ecological affects of structures and the way those could be monitored, illustrated via case experiences from the Sahara and Gobi Deserts. The concluding part includes a roadmap outlining the choices and possibilities for destiny implementation of VLS-PV. construction at the key ideas and case reviews of earlier volumes, this can be a key textual content for policy-makers and traders within the box.
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Extra resources for Energy from the Desert: Very Large Scale Photovoltaic Systems: Socio-economic, Financial, Technical and Environmental Aspects
It has become a convention to add two more aspects to these two fundamental problems: first, hydrogen is produced, as it presently is, from fossil fuel and so has neither a low carbon footprint nor a low energy cost; second, renewable energies such as solar or wind are presently too expensive to enable them to improve the economics of hydrogen production. There is nothing fundamental about the energetic cost of oil, other than the fact that it is rising in monetary terms and will continue to rise as that commodity becomes ever scarcer.
Availability of capital is a function of perceived risk and not just cost. It is also, to some extent, dependent on the state of financial markets, and therefore on how the intended investment is positioned in the economic cycle. During periods of credit restriction and flight to quality, non-domestic capital may simply not be available for investment in some emerging markets at any price. There are several possible project structures, each of which demands a different financing approach. A first important distinction is whether the asset is considered individually, or belongs to a corporate or state entity, or is a mix of public and private initiatives.
Furthermore, the VLS-PV development would include desert development such as afforestation and agricultural development. Although the ecological impact of this development has not yet been analysed, the development would help increase the BC at a regional or global level, in addition to curbing the EF by reducing CO2 emissions. 3 Analysis of global potential It is assumed that VLS-PV systems will be installed in desert regions. However, land conditions are important for stable operation of VLS-PV systems.
Energy from the Desert: Very Large Scale Photovoltaic Systems: Socio-economic, Financial, Technical and Environmental Aspects by Keiichi Komoto, Masakuza Ito, Peter van der Vleuten, David Faiman, Kosuke Kurokawa