Causal Categories in Discourse and Cognition - download pdf or read online

By Ted Sanders, Eve Sweetser

ISBN-10: 3110224410

ISBN-13: 9783110224412

All languages of the realm offer their audio system with linguistic ability to specific causal kinfolk in discourse. Causal connectives and causative auxiliaries are one of the salient markers of causal construals. Cognitive scientists and linguists have an interest in how a lot of this causal modeling is particular to a given tradition and language, and what kind of is attribute of basic human cognition. audio system of English, for instance, can make a choice from simply because and because or among consequently and so. How diversified are those from the alternatives made by means of Dutch audio system, who communicate a heavily comparable language, yet (unlike English audio system) have a committed marker for non-volitional causality (daardoor)? The critical query during this quantity is: What parameters of categorization form using causal connectives and auxiliary verbs throughout languages? The publication discusses how ameliorations among even relatively heavily comparable languages (English, Dutch, Polish) may help us to difficult the typology of degrees and different types of causation represented in language. moreover, the amount demonstrates convergence of linguistic, corpus-linguistic and psycholinguistic methodologies in picking out cognitive different types of causality. the elemental thought of causality seems to be a fantastic linguistic phenomenon to supply an outline of equipment and, might be extra importantly, invoke a dialogue at the so much sufficient methodological ways to review primary concerns in language and cognition.

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Example text

As is typical for each (fragment of) narrative, subjects such as Jan (x) and objects in the speech act domain are immediately projected in the narrative situation. The narrative situation is construed in a narrative content domain in which the narrative character – Jan (x) is represented. From the narrative content domain, an epistemic space connected to Jan (SoC) is elaborated in which Jan is here and now concluding something (Q) on the basis of some observation (P). This relation could not possibly be expressed with daarom: it is an epistemic relation, in which SoC is responsible for the causal relation, at which he arrives at the conclusion in his own epistemic space.

Finally, the ground may be on stage: So I think they are not at home. In the latter case, the ground is in a sense objectified: that is, made part of the situation referred to in the utterance. The latter cases are of another category; then the speaker is made explicit and foregrounded so that it is comparable to looking at another actor. In this chapter, we use Mental Spaces Theory (Fauconnier 1985, 1994; Sweetser and Fauconnier 1996) to model the similarities and differences in the meaning and use of the Dutch causal connectives.

Ted Sanders, Jos´e Sanders and Eve Sweetser Non-volitional content: daardoor Dutch offers interesting opportunities for comparison in the specific expression of causality which involves only content relations. In example (3), a causally related sequence of events is simply reported by the Speaker: Hence, there is no SoC involved. The result is a typical non-volitional content configuration, for which Dutch speakers uniquely use the connective daardoor. (3) De zon scheen. Daardoor steeg de temperatuur.

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Causal Categories in Discourse and Cognition by Ted Sanders, Eve Sweetser

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