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Download e-book for kindle: A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500 by John M. Riddle, Winston Black

By John M. Riddle, Winston Black

ISBN-10: 1442246847

ISBN-13: 9781442246843

This transparent and complete textual content covers the center a while from the classical period to the overdue medieval interval. distinct historian John Riddle offers a cogent research of the rulers, wars, and events—both average and human—that outlined the medieval period. Taking a wide geographical viewpoint, Riddle comprises northern and jap Europe, Byzantine civilization, and the Islamic states. each one, he convincingly indicates, provided values and institutions—religious devotion, toleration and intolerance, legislation, methods of pondering, and altering roles of women—that presaged modernity. as well as conventional themes of pen, sword, and notice, the writer explores different riding forces similar to technological know-how, faith, and know-how in ways in which earlier textbooks haven't. He additionally examines such often-overlooked matters as medieval gender roles and medication and seminal occasions resembling the crusades from the vantage aspect of either Muslims and jap and western Christians.

In addition to an intensive chronological narrative, the textual content deals humanizing gains to have interaction scholars. every one bankruptcy opens with a theme-setting vignette in regards to the lives of standard and notable humans. The booklet additionally introduces scholars to key controversies and subject matters in historiography by way of that includes in every one bankruptcy a well known medieval historian and the way his or her principles have formed modern wondering the center a while. Richly illustrated with colour plates, this full of life, attractive booklet will immerse readers within the medieval global, an period that formed the basis for the fashionable world.

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In a labor-intensive society, the Romans valued their free laborers, who were an important source of sturdy manpower to draw on for their armies. At the same time, strong social pressure also called for the emancipation of faithful slaves after roughly two decades of service. The coloni, especially numerous in northern Africa, were contracted agricultural workers whose freedom was restricted, but technically they remained free persons. The economy, which since inception depended on slave labor, might have blocked technological innovations centuries later in the imperial period because a culture that used slaves did not necessarily need machinery.

The office of foreign praetor was established to administer justice to non-Romans who could not speak Latin and therefore could not be expected to know Roman law. When there was a dispute over a civil issue or a criminal case, the praetor would investigate the case to determine the legal principles involved. Thus, by Augustus’s time, certain general rules had evolved by which contracts, torts, and criminal acts were adjudicated. These principles as a body were called ius gentium (literally, “the law of the peoples,” sometimes translated “rights of nations,” and used at first to distinguish this body of law from ius civile, “the law of the city” of Rome).

Many more attempted to ascend to the imperial purple and failed. Few were from the old Roman families who had once supplied leadership; most were lower-class soldiers who had worked their way up through the ranks. Of the twenty-six, only one died a natural and nonviolent death. When a commander was hailed as emperor by his legions, whether he himself had conspired to make this happen or was innocent of ambition, he was compelled to march on Rome. If he refused, he was guilty of treason by definition.

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A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500 by John M. Riddle, Winston Black

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