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Download e-book for iPad: A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in by Alan Cruse

By Alan Cruse

ISBN-10: 0748621113

ISBN-13: 9780748621118

ISBN-10: 0748626891

ISBN-13: 9780748626892

This easy-to-use advisor illuminates key ideas and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the research of which means because it is conveyed via language.

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Extra resources for A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in Linguistics)

Example text

Someone who says Sometimes when you are worried about something, it helps to talk about it would be unlikely to be accused of using a cliché. In linguistics, the term sometimes has a different meaning. It is used to refer to a phrase that, like an idiom, is stored in the mental lexicon in a ready-made form, but, unlike an idiom, is semantically transparent. Examples are: This is a tax-and-spend Government, You’ll have to wait and see. closed set items These are grammatical elements, either affixes or free words, which have three main characteristics: 1.

One way or another, this must be true in general terms otherwise we would have to learn the meanings of all multi-word expressions separately. However, not all expressions of a language conform to this principle. Those that do are described as ‘compositional’; those that do not are described as ‘noncompositional’ or ‘semantically opaque’. Semantic opacity (which is a matter of degree) is a prototypical characteristic of idioms. concepts, conceptual categories To a first approximation, conceptual categories are classes of entities in the world, like dog, chair, dictatorship (we must interpret ‘entity’ in the broadest sense, to include properties like 30 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS red, actions like speak, and so on).

Two scholars have been especially influential in developing this approach: Lakoff and Langacker. coherence see under cohesion vs coherence cohesion vs coherence These are types of connectedness which distinguish texts from random collections of A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 27 words. Cohesion is a matter of form and concerns (mainly grammatical) ways of connecting one piece of language to another, such as agreement and anaphora. Coherence is a matter of meaning compatibility and relevance.

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A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in Linguistics) by Alan Cruse


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