By Amy J. Catalano
Drawing from basic examine reviews in archaeology, old research, literature, and paintings this interdisciplinary examine the heritage of kid funerary practices and different automobiles of parental mourning is the single e-book of its style. the aim of this paintings is to enquire the ways that funerary behaviors and grieving fluctuate among cultures and throughout time; from prehistory to trendy historical past. Philippe Aries, the French adolescence historian, argued that kids have been hardly mourned upon their deaths as baby dying was once a widespread and anticipated occasion, specially within the heart a while. This ebook attracts upon archaeological stories, secondary info research, and research of literature, images and paintings to refute, and in certain cases aid, Aries’s declare. equipped in elements, half One starts with a bankruptcy at the explanations of youth mortality and the stairs taken to avoid it, by means of chapters on prehistory, old civilizations, the center a long time and the Renaissance, and the early smooth and past due smooth eras. The chapters partially speak about signs of parental hindrance at a child’s loss of life: naming practices, alternative process, baptism, comfort literature, and paintings. scholars who specialize in the mental facets of dying, funeral practices, and formative years histories will locate this publication an invaluable and finished software for studying how youngsters were mourned considering that prehistory.
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Extra resources for A Global History of Child Death: Mortality, Burial, and Parental Attitudes
27 Often young infants were buried with the head toward the southeast, parallel to the Danube, the head pointing downstream. Some infants were positioned in such a way to indicate that they had been placed in a bag before being interred in burial pits. While burial within homes was common, neonates, who had previously been buried with adults around open air hearths, were later buried under a red limestone floor in the rear of the building, suggesting a major social and ideological restriction in the region.
The male, approximately thirteen years old, and the female, seven to nine years old, were placed head to head with their hands crossed over their pelvises in what appeared to be a dwelling. A headless skeleton, which was presumed to be an adult male, was on top of the children. The male child was found with nearly Burial Pits and Ivory Beads | 27 five thousand ivory beads, which had been sewn into his clothes. Some sources estimate that it would take about an hour to make each ivory bead, indicating the high social status and wealth of the child’s family.
When they were cremated, the remains were placed in urns. Graves were held down with large stones or pot lids to prevent a child from “ghostly walking”. The graves were unusually secure so that the child would pass safely to the afterlife and not escape to haunt the living. 12 The ancients had a long history of inscriptions on tombs or stelae (similar to a tombstone). The inscription generally indicated the site of the tomb, where siblings were to be buried, as well as the names and titles of the dead.
A Global History of Child Death: Mortality, Burial, and Parental Attitudes by Amy J. Catalano